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Effective leadership: How to be an effective leader in the workplace

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When you think of “good” leadership, you may picture someone who leads with conviction and authority. Steve Jobs fit that mold, as did Nelson Mandela, Margaret Thatcher, and countless others. But the world has changed, and the concept of effective leadership has evolved dramatically. A megaphone isn’t the only way to motivate people; often, the best way to lead is to listen

The most successful leaders make people feel heard, understood, encouraged, and valued. They create connections, build trust, and communicate authentically. Effective leadership involves motivating and inspiring people in a way that provides a safe environment for growth and innovation, which often results in a team that routinely exceeds expectations. 

Investing in leadership skills has benefits that go well beyond the workplace, extending to community work and personal relationships as well. In this article, we’ll explore why effective leadership is so important—and, of course, how to hone it. 

What is effective leadership?

Effective leadership is the ability to guide, inspire, and influence others to achieve common goals and drive organizational success.

It involves a combination of skills, including clear communication, strategic thinking, emotional intelligence, and the ability to motivate and empower team members.

Effective leaders are also adaptable, ethical, and capable of making informed decisions while fostering a positive and inclusive work environment. By embodying these qualities, effective leaders enhance team performance, cultivate trust, and ensure the sustained growth and development of their organization.

A personalized leadership approach for each team member.

PI’s behavioral insights help leaders inspire and coach each employee in a way they truly connect with.

The skills of an effective leader

Effective leadership means possessing the right set of key qualities and competencies necessary to enable high-performing teams and further your organization’s goals. An effective leader will employ a plethora of skills, but here are some of the most critical:

  • Decision-making skills help effective leaders make well-informed choices that align with the organization’s goals and values.
  • Effective communication enables leaders to convey their vision, expectations, and feedback clearly and empathetically. 
  • Strategic planning aids leaders in setting a vision, defining objectives, and devising a roadmap to achieve them. 
  • Adaptability, empathy, and the ability to build and nurture relationships are additional valuable traits of successful leaders. 

By showcasing effective leadership, you enable greater organizational success, regardless of your industry or headcount. Companies led by effective leaders tend to outperform their competitors, exhibit higher levels of innovation, and maintain better employee retention rates. Consequently, businesses actively seek individuals with the skills and qualities of effective leaders to take on key leadership roles, recognizing that they are instrumental in achieving long-term growth and sustainability. Adept leaders often secure top positions such as CEO, managing director, or department head.

Effective leadership isn’t just a desirable trait; it’s a fundamental necessity for any organization striving to excel in the complex and ever-evolving landscape of the modern workplace.

Managers vs. leaders: Understanding the difference

Managers and leaders play distinct but complementary roles, each contributing to the overall success of your organization. The primary distinctions between managers and leaders lie in their unique roles and duties:

Focus on stability vs. focus on change

Managers tend to help maintain stability and order within an organization. Their responsibilities often include planning, organizing, and controlling processes to ensure that day-to-day operations run smoothly. They may be task-oriented (e.g., project managers) or people-oriented (e.g., people managers). Regardless, they strive to achieve pre-determined objectives efficiently.

Leaders, on the other hand, work to challenge the status quo and manage chaos when necessary. They are more concerned with setting a vision for the future and inspiring others to follow that vision. Leaders embrace change, encourage innovation, and are willing to take calculated risks to move the organization forward. Crucially, you don’t need to manage anything/anyone to qualify; any person, from a CEO down to an individual contributor, can be an effective leader.

Directive vs. inspirational

Managers tend to be more directive in their approach. They assign tasks, set deadlines, and monitor performance to ensure that work is completed according to established procedures and standards.

Leaders, in contrast, are inspirational figures. They motivate and influence their team members through their vision, charisma, and ability to empathize and connect with others. Leaders focus on empowering their colleagues to excel in their roles and develop their full potential.

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Short-term view vs. long-term view

Managers often have a short-term perspective, concentrating on achieving immediate goals and targets. They prioritize efficiency and consistency to meet current objectives.

Leaders take a longer-term view, focusing on the strategic direction of the organization. They are concerned with the bigger picture, envisioning where the organization should be in the future and developing strategies to get there.

Maintaining change vs. initiating change

Managers are more likely to maintain existing processes and systems. They ensure that the organization functions within established parameters and adheres to existing policies.

Leaders are change agents who initiate and drive change within an organization. They challenge conventional thinking and are willing to disrupt the status quo to adapt to evolving market conditions or seize new opportunities.

In any organization, both managers and leaders are essential. The synergy between these roles is critical for an organization’s success, as they balance the need for stability with the imperative of growth and adaptation. Ultimately, a well-rounded organization benefits from having individuals who can effectively manage the present while simultaneously leading toward a brighter future.

Are leaders born, or made?

There’s a wealth of evidence that suggests leaders aren’t born, but “made.”

Leaders come in all forms. While leadership itself is a combination of innate qualities and learned skills, there are multiple pathways to success. A leader with high dominance looks different than a leader with low dominance, but both are equally valid.

While some individuals may naturally possess certain leadership traits, such as charisma or confidence, most leadership attributes, including effective communication, decision-making, and strategic thinking, can be developed and honed through dedicated training, experience, and effort. Even innate behavioral traits can be flexed with the right level of self-awareness.

So, while inherent qualities may provide a foundation, they don’t define you as a leader. Most successful leaders are products of continuous growth and learning—and leadership itself is a craft that can be cultivated and mastered.

Why effective leadership matters in the workplace

Effective leadership is pivotal to creating a harmonious, high-performing environment. It enhances communication by fostering openness and transparency, ensuring that information flows smoothly and ideas are exchanged freely among team members. It also fuels employee engagement, motivating individuals to go above and beyond in their roles, which leads to increased productivity and innovation.

Conversely, poor leadership can erode morale and impede team performance. It can also result in inefficiencies, interpersonal conflicts, and a negative team culture. Let poor leadership fester, and it can hurt employee engagement and impede your retention rates. 

Strong leadership is earned—never assumed. By investing in the right skills and practices, you can nurture an environment where employees feel valued and motivated to excel. Ultimately, effective leadership is a catalyst for positive change, driving an organization toward growth, adaptability, and long-term success.

An example of effective leadership

The characteristics of a good leader

Great leaders are multifaceted. They develop an array of key characteristics that serve as the foundation for their leadership acumen. 

Essential traits such as integrity, self-awareness, courage, respect, and empathy are more than just desirable qualities—they’re prerequisites of what it takes to be an outstanding leader. Leaders who embody these attributes have the power to profoundly impact their teams and the overall workplace environment.

Here are just a few characteristics of a good leader:


Visionary leaders provide a compelling, aspirational direction for their organization and ignite motivation and purpose among team members. When leaders communicate this vision with enthusiasm and clarity, employees can see how their individual efforts contribute to the larger goals, which fosters a shared sense of meaning and belonging.


When leaders are transparent, they build trust within their team and establish accountability. Team members feel empowered to speak freely and hold each other to shared goals, which enables a more cohesive culture and better minute-to-minute decision-making. 


Integrity involves making value-driven decisions and consistently exhibiting genuine behavior, which in turn garners respect and admiration. Leaders who prioritize integrity not only earn the loyalty and trust of their employees but also set a high standard for ethical conduct within the organization.


Accountability in leadership is vital, as it’s closely linked to integrity. When leaders own the outcomes of their actions, both positive and negative, they foster trust among their teams. And when these same leaders shoulder responsibility for their team’s results, they not only model integrity, but also enhance their perception as someone who can be trusted to navigate difficult business challenges.


Decisiveness is a critical leadership trait, requiring leaders to make prompt decisions under stress while maintaining confidence in their choices. Context is important: It’s important for leaders to understand the stakes of the situation and recognize when to seek input from others, as collaborative decision-making can often lead to more informed and effective choices.


Leaders demonstrate resilience in the face of challenges by continuously evaluating their strategies, remaining dedicated to core goals while adapting to changing circumstances, and maintaining unwavering faith in their team’s mission. They manage both group and personal energies effectively, fostering a sense of determination and optimism that inspires their team to persevere through adversity.


Collaboration is integral to effective leadership. Valuing diverse perspectives fosters team motivation and open communication, while cooperation with team members, adjacent teams, and clients not only enhances problem-solving but also accelerates goal achievement through shared expertise and resources.

Effective communication

Effective communication ensures clarity in goals and expectations, facilitates performance tracking, and motivates teams by fostering a sense of connection and purpose. Strong communication encompasses clear speech, active listening, constructive feedback, and swift problem resolution, all of which are vital for creating a productive and harmonious work environment.


Self-confidence empowers leaders to inspire and rally teams behind strategic goals while maintaining an approachable demeanor that encourages diverse viewpoints. Leaders who combine self-confidence with self-awareness—i.e., paying attention to their actions, communication styles, and nonverbal signals—are better equipped to build trust, make informed decisions, and navigate complex leadership challenges successfully.


A leader’s positive attitude enables them to approach challenges with optimism, motivating and inspiring their teams to persevere. Adept leaders see obstacles as opportunities for growth, which enhances team dedication and improves team outcomes. These leaders embody the “bias for action” principle, which distinguishes exceptional leadership by the proactive and solution-oriented mindset it fosters.


Successful leaders demonstrate the ability to stay calm and composed during challenging times. Their patience not only reduces anxiety or turmoil within the team but also ensures sustained motivation and focus on finding effective solutions rather than succumbing to pressure or impulsive decision-making.


Trustworthiness creates a positive workplace culture by fostering strong relationships, encouraging open dialogue, and elevating employee morale. Leaders who honor their commitments, value privacy, and consistently act with integrity demonstrate trustworthiness. This, in turn, contributes to the development of authentic and reliable leadership.


Leaders who cultivate interpersonal skills—such as rapport-building, empathy, and active listening—can recognize individual behaviors and passions, thereby igniting intrinsic work interest and fostering a team that is committed, engaged, and highly productive.


Leaders who take the time to understand their team members’ strengths, aspirations, and priorities can effectively embed a sense of purpose within their teams, guiding them toward more fulfilling and fruitful endeavors.

Sets high standards

Setting elevated standards drives organizational growth by inspiring higher performance, increased efficiency, and a culture of excellence. Leaders who engage in self-assessment and continuously strive to refine their approach not only raise the bar for themselves but also steer the organization toward loftier objectives, ensuring sustained success and relevance in a dynamic business environment.


Self-awareness is an important part of authenticity and requires the ability to recognize one’s strengths and weaknesses, as well as how others perceive them. It is essential for leaders to identify and address their biases, as these can significantly influence their decision-making and leadership approach, ultimately impacting the success of their teams and organizations.


Empathy is directly linked to job performance and is a fundamental component of emotional intelligence. Leaders who cultivate empathy not only build stronger relationships with their teams but also demonstrate superior leadership prowess by understanding and addressing the needs, concerns, and emotions of their employees. 

Specific empathetic actions—such as listening actively, providing support during difficult times, and caring for individual well-being—can significantly enhance the workplace environment and boost team morale. Seemingly small actions can have a massive impact, improving how leaders are perceived in terms of performance and leadership effectiveness.


Courage is a vital attribute in leadership, enabling leaders to confront issues head-on, provide constructive feedback, and navigate challenging situations effectively. When leaders display courage, it means they have the conviction and heart needed to challenge biases, confront the status quo, and ensure a safe and inclusive environment for all employees.


Authenticity fosters trust within a team; it’s also closely intertwined with integrity. An authentic leader is one who has strong convictions, communicates openly, and keeps their promises. Leaders who consistently display authentic actions earn the loyalty, trust, and respect of their team members, creating the foundation for a positive and productive work environment.


Being fully present as a leader is crucial in demonstrating appreciation for team members and fostering higher engagement. Leaders who immerse themselves in conversations and tasks exhibit active listening, keen observation, and genuine curiosity, which sends a powerful message that their team’s thoughts and contributions are valued. This ultimately leads to increased engagement and a stronger sense of unity within the organization.

Another example of effective leadership

How to become an effective leader

Becoming an effective leader is a journey that involves deliberate steps and continuous effort. Leaders commit themselves to honing their skills and characteristics over time, evolving into more capable and inspiring figures within their organizations.

Here are five ways to become a more effective leader:

Build connections.

Building strong connections is a fundamental aspect of effective leadership. Foster trust with your people by showing empathy, building rapport with team members, and giving your utmost attention in conversations. These personal connections often pave the way for a culture of accountability and stellar performance, as team members are more inclined to go the extra mile when they feel valued and understood.

Improve collaboration.

Effective leaders enhance collaboration by actively seeking team-member insights, by nurturing an environment of open dialogue and trust, and by championing inter-departmental teamwork. Adept communication plays a crucial role in promoting collaborative efforts, as it ensures that everyone is on the same page, working toward a common goal.

Support personal and professional growth.

Personal and professional growth is integral to successful leadership. Leaders support their employees’ advancement both financially and emotionally by offering challenging roles and guidance. Enabling employees to acquire and hone new skills not only benefits individuals but also strengthens the team and organization as a whole.

Set clear goals.

Setting precise objectives is another key element of successful leadership. Involving team members in the goal-setting process boosts their engagement and commitment. It’s essential to actively review and adjust these goals to reflect the team’s evolving needs and awareness, ensuring alignment with the organization’s overall mission.

Seek out feedback.

Actively seeking feedback is a pivotal tool for honing leadership abilities. Leaders gain valuable insights from mentors, colleagues, and subordinates, which help them refine their approach. This process involves self-evaluation, leveraging leadership coaching, and fostering transparent dialogue to continuously improve leadership skills.

Remember: Good leaders are made, not born.

It’s important to understand that effective leaders develop over time, and are not necessarily born with leadership traits. Leadership emerges from experience, ongoing education, and adaptability. 

Embracing a growth mindset and actively seeking self-enhancement are essential in refining leadership qualities and becoming a more effective and influential leader as you pursue your own personal and professional growth.

How PI can help

The Predictive Index’s Inspire software platform helps any person become a more effective leader. Use our flagship behavioral assessment to understand yourself—and any team member—within minutes. Uncover your greatest commonalities, as well as where your relationship might be frayed. Get personalized tips to mitigate conflict, motivate others, and bring out the very best in your team.

Try PI Inspire for free—no credit card required.

Ashley McCann is a content writer who specializes in the things that matter most to people. She loves travel, the Oxford comma, and those tiny kitchen cooking videos.

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